What is cerebral palsy (CP)?

Cerebral palsy (CP) was first described in 1861 by an English doctor, William Little, and for many years it was known as “Little’s disease.” Over the years there has been much discussion of the definition of CP, and different definitions have been adopted and later...

Cerebral palsy: Causes and risk factors

The term “cause” is self-explanatory. The term “risk factor” can be defined as “any attribute, characteristic, or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury”. Causes thus have a stronger relationship with CP than risk...

Cerebral palsy: Prevalence

The prevalence of a condition is how many people in a defined population have the condition at a specific point in time. Prevalence rates can vary geographically. A 2013 worldwide review found that the overall prevalence of CP was 2.11 per 1,000 live births. It also...

Cerebral palsy: Diagnosis

Sometimes it is obvious from birth that a new baby has CP, but in many cases it is not. The possibility may be anticipated because of problems in pregnancy or a preterm or difficult birth, or the suspicion may only arise when developmental milestones are missed. Even...

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